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HomeUncategorizedWhy Mexico and the US share the "deadliest" border for migrants

Why Mexico and the US share the “deadliest” border for migrants


The International Organization for Migration (IOM) recorded a total of 728 deaths in 2021.

Mexico and the US share just under 3,200 kilometers of what is considered the deadliest land crossing in the world for people in a migratory context, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

On Monday, June 27, one of the greatest tragedies of recent years was recorded. The US authorities reported the death by suffocation of 53 migrants who were traveling crowded in a trailer, near the Texas city of San Antonio. This event generated a response from the governments of Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, and the United States, which announced the creation of an action group to dismantle human trafficking networks. in the region.

“The number of deaths on the US-Mexico border last year is significantly higher than in any previous year,” said Edwin Viales, who is a researcher at IOM, after the tragic event in Texas.

According to the International Organization for Migration, there is a count of 1,238 fatalities —including 51 children— in the migratory context in the American continent in 2021. “At least 728 of these deaths occurred on the US-Mexico border, making it the deadliest land crossing in the world, according to the United Nations (UN).

Furthermore, so far in 2022, 493 migrants have died in the world, including the 53 fatalities in the Texas trailer.

Disappearances of migrants

In addition to the deaths recorded and a significant number of deaths that are not part of statistics, the danger of migratory routes is confirmed by the number of disappeared persons.

Although there is no verified information, the Mexican Federation of Public Human Rights Organizations (FMOPDH) estimated that in 2021 there were “at least 2,000 missing migrants” only in Mexican territory.

On the other hand, the Mexican government recognizes that there are 100,867 missing persons in the country, according to the reports of the Prosecutor’s Offices that collect information since 1964.

By nationality, at some point the disappearance in Mexican territory of 547 Hondurans was recorded; of 446 Guatemalans; of 216 Colombians; of 212 Salvadorans; 80 Nicaraguans; of 81 Cubans; of 64 Venezuelans; of 43 Ecuadorians; of 42 Peruvians; of 24 Argentines. However, it is unknown how many of these migrants were located, because the information is not broken down.

Immigration Policy

The tightening of Washington’s immigration policy, replicated by Mexico with the massive detention of migrants , has not stopped the flow of families fleeing poverty and violence from the south and center of the continent, and who are exposed to taking irregular routes in high-risk conditions, as well as being victims of numerous human rights violations. humans during transit to the US


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