Despite its evident importance, the name of this city does not seem to have been preserved in any historical document.
Researchers from the Institute of High Aragonese Studies and the universities of Zaragoza, Bordeaux, Polytechnic of Madrid and Salamanca recently published a study detailing the discovery of an ancient Roman imperial city in the Spanish town of Artieda, on the southern slopes of the Pyrenees.
Archaeological work in the area dates back to 2018, when the City Council of Artieda requested assistance from the University of Zaragoza to study some remains scattered around the hermitage of San Pedro and known as El Forau de la Tuta.
Three years later, experts have been able to verify that these remains actually constitute a single large archaeological complex, where between the 1st and 2nd centuries AD a large Roman city was built that had temples, baths and even an advanced sewage system. Despite its obvious importance, the name of this city does not seem to have been preserved in any historical document .
The analysis of four tombstones from the site, which were preserved in the Diocesan Museum of Jaca and in private collections in Artieda, led to the conclusion that they belonged to an “important necropolis and that was maintained until the change of era”.
Archaeologists confirmed that later, between the 9th and 13th centuries, the area e It was occupied by a peasant settlement of the early medieval villa or village type.
The excavations in El Forau de la Tuta and its surroundings continue, as experts suspect that there are still many more secrets to be discovered there.