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Single Paper Ballot: what does the law that promotes the opposition in Argentina say in the face of the 2023 elections and why does it bother Peronism

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The project proposes to unify all the electoral offer for national positions in a single form. The opposition in Argentina is trying to advance its project of Single Paper Ballot for the election of national positions, an initiative that seeks to concentrate all the candidacies in a single form that, Once the voter has selected their options, it will be deposited in a ballot box.

The idea has the support of an important sector of parliament, but it is flatly rejected by the ruling party. It happens that, if approved, would break with a proselytizing tradition of Peronism, which consists of house-to-house distribution of ballots with the name and face of their candidates.

Although it is not the only one that is accustomed to doing so, it allows the militant apparatus of Justicialism and its allies to have greater deployment in throughout the country than any other political organization, mainly in the popular neighborhoods.

If the regulations are approved, it would modify in that propaganda order the scenario of the electoral campaign for 2023, when the presidential and legislative elections will be held. To this must be added that the image of the Government is not going through its best moment, due to the difficulties in solving economic problems with a direct impact on the families’ pockets, such as high inflation.

In this scenario, national deputies from different opposition blocs, led by Together for Change (macrismo), asked for a special session dedicated to to deal with the project. For it to be approved in the lower house 129 votes are needed, which the opposition would reach without problems .

The blocks that support the project have already managed to obtain a unified opinion in the plenary session of the Constitutional Affairs, Justice and Budget commissions. The main stumbling block would be in the Senate, where the ruling party has a majority and maintains control of key commissions.

For the macrismo, ending the current system of multiple ballots would help counteract “political patronage”, since he considers that with the personalized delivery of ballots, citizens are urged to vote for a certain candidate in exchange for some gift or social plan, although, he clarifies, “it is not the solution definitive”.

“Magic solutions in democracy do not exist. It will not make political patronage disappear, which is perhaps the biggest vice that the system has, because it turns voters into hostages, but it will reduce the weight of the party apparatuses “, said the macrista deputy Silvia Lospenato to the newspaper La Nación.

And she took advantage of the parliamentary discussion to criticize the management of the Front of All. “This voting instrument is not going to solve inflation, nor poverty pensions, nor solve insecurity, nor is it going to recover the school days that were lost, but it will assure each citizen that they can choose with greater freedom who think you can solve those problems,” he said.

For her part, the ruling deputy Paula Penacca said that the Single Ballot project seems like “a media show”, instead of a debate that aims to improve the current voting system , which, he considered, has “no problem”, since “there was no complaint of fraud or lack of transparency”

. In addition, he targeted the opposition for wanting to “destabilize the national government”.

“It seems more like a debate to build a media show than to find a better voting system for the country,” Penacca questioned in an interview with El Destape radio. And he considered that if this system is implemented, it will be “very difficult to find the candidate you want to vote for”,due to the extension that the ballots could have in the face of a wide electoral offer.

The initiative was also rejected by the head of the Executive Cabinet, Juan Manzur, who stated at a press conference on Wednesday that the Government “does not agree” with the Single Ballot project “as proposed” by the opposition in Congress.

When asked about the possibility of the president vetoing the law if it is approved, the official asked to “wait” to see how the legislative process progresses and not make “futurology” .

At the moment, everything seems to indicate that the Single Paper Ballot system will be applied for the PASO primaries and the general elections to elect president, vice president, senators, deputies and legislators of the Mercosur, although in these last two categories only names and photos of the first five candidates will appear.

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