De facto governed the South American country between 1975 and 1980, in the so-called “second phase” of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces, which had been in place since 1968.
The former Peruvian dictator Francisco Morales Bermúdez died the Thursday night, at the age of 100, confirmed his son and former minister Remigio Morales.
According to the former minister, his father died at 11:20 at night, for reasons related to their age. “He had already turned 100 years old, he was a bit delicate. He had a general imbalance which in the end could not be restored, could not leave,” he detailed in statements to RPP Noticias.
Morales Bermúdez was Commander General of the Army and in August 1975 he led the ‘Tacnazo’, a coup d’état against the mandate, also dictatorial, of Juan Velasco Alvarado.
After that, he assumed the de facto Presidency of the Republic until July 28, 1980, in what was known as “second phase” of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces, which had been in place since 1968.
During this period his management was part of the ‘Plan Condor’, the repressive operation carried out by the dictatorships of South America in the 1970s and 1980s, and backed by USA, against leftist opponents.
Due to the disappearance of Italian-Peruvian citizens, the Government of Italy initiated investigations into this operation; and the Justice of that European country sentenced Morales Bermúdez to life imprisonment for these acts.
Last February, the Italian Supreme Court ratified the request of the Prosecutor’s Office and rejected the appeal filed for the defense of the former dictator before the sentences in the first and second degree.
Like almost all those accused by the Italian Justice, Morales Bermúdez was prosecuted without appearing in court.