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Chinese scientists plan to build a telescope with unprecedented capabilities to detect dark matter in the universe

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The project seeks to achieve a precision 10 times greater than that of NASA’s Fermi gamma-ray space observatory, which is currently the most sensitive in the world.

In order to detect traces of the dark matter with which the universe would have been formed, Chinese scientists plan to build a large gamma-ray space telescope, collect South China Morning Post this Saturday.

The project, called VLAST, was described in the journal Acta Astronomica Sinica at the end of May by researchers from the Purple Mountain Observatory in Nanjing, the University of Science and Technology of China in Hefei and the Institute of Modern Physics in Lanzhou.

Científicos encuentran una partícula que puede constituir parte de la materia oscura con la que se forma el universo

The proposed objective, which is in the research and development phase, is achieve 10 times the sensitivity from NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Observatory, currently the most sensitive in the world. If this goal is achieved, the Asian giant would be placed in a position of leadership in the search for dark matter.

The device is expected to be put into orbit at the end of this decade, if it receives the necessary financing from the Chinese Government soon. “We will need a Long March 5 rocket to put it into orbit,” said the article’s lead author, Fan Yizhong.

According to the team of specialists, the VLAST will monitor a cosmic gamma ray spectrum between 0.3 gigaelectronvolts and 20 teraelectronvolts, with unprecedented energy resolution, to find traces of particles of space matter.

Likewise, it will have three types of detectors with an average weight of 16 tons, which will make it a much heavier telescope than a standard one.

On the other hand , it is also planned to use it to explore X-ray binaries, the origin of cosmic rays and gamma-ray bursts.

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